Tuesday, March 14, 2017

My Dear, The Internet is Not the World Wide Web

Yesterday, the world celebrated the 28th birthday of the awesome World Wide Web (www) invented by Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee, OM KBE FRS FREng FRSA FBCS, also known as TimBL, the English computer scientist who invented the Web in 1989 and wrote the first web browser computer program in 1990. But majority of people online are still mistaking the Internet for the World Wide Web, because they don't know the difference. So, let us clarify the definitions.

The Internet and the World Wide Web

"Many people use the terms Internet and World Wide Web (aka. the Web) interchangeably, but in fact the two terms are not synonymous. The Internet and the Web are two separate but related things.
What is The Internet?
DARPA was created by the US Department of Defense in 1958 as the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). The political and defense communities recognised the need for a high-level defense organization to formulate and execute R&D projects that would expand the frontiers of technology beyond the immediate and specific requirements of the Military Services and their laboratories.
The Arpanet (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), which later would be named the Internet, was conceived in 1962 when, Dr. Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider formulated the earliest ideas of global networking in a series of memos discussing an “Intergalactic Computer Network.”
The first-ever computer-to-computer link was established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet, on October 29, 1969.
What is The Web (World Wide Web)?
The World Wide Web, or simply Web, is a way of accessing information over the medium of the Internet. It is an information-sharing model that is built on top of the Internet. The Web uses the HTTP protocol, only one of the languages spoken over the Internet, to transmit data. Web services, which use HTTP to allow applications to communicate in order to exchange business logic, use the the Web to share information. The Web also utilizes browsers, such as Internet Explorer or Firefox, to access Web documents called Web pages that are linked to each other via hyperlinks. Web documents also contain graphics, sounds, text and video.
The Internet, not the Web, is also used for email, which relies on SMTP, Usenet news groups, instant messaging and FTP. So the Web is just a portion of the Internet, albeit a large portion, but the two terms are not synonymous and should not be confused."


The World Wide Web has accelerated and transformed the communication and transmission of information through the internet as never done before by the inventions of printing,  radio, television and telephone.  And it has increased and expanded the scopes of printing, radio, television and telephone on the internet with publishing online, internet radio broadcast or podcast, internet TV and internet phone calls which made spreading of knowledge by sharing news and information within seconds from our fingertips from the invention of emails in the 1970s to social media networks in the 1990s.

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